English Civil War: battles and sieges During the English Civil War that raged 1642-1649, Lincolnshire was caught between the Royalists and the Parliamentarians

Lincolnshire was adjacent to Cromwell’s stronghold in East Anglia, and the Royalist fortress of Newark, in Nottinghamshire. The county had strategic importance, therefore, for control of the route between London and Hull.

Battles between the opposing armies were fought at Gainsborough, Ancaster Heath and Riby Gap, the most significant battle being at Winceby in October 1643. Lincoln changed hands several times during the conflict. In 1644, Lincoln Castle was besieged for the final time in its history, when the Royalist garrison, commanded by Sir Francis Fane, was overwhelmed by a mightier Parliamentarian force.

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